417 is not too bad but you are right, we haven't seen draws having points that low as yet. (PS I think there was once before but for the life of me, I can't recall the lowest points, 417, 419?)
Anyway, I'd be frank that TEFL is not really an in-demand profession in Canada. I know of some people who teach English as a foreign language, but they mostly concentrate on markets outside Canada.
I'd suggest going for a Student Visa (if you can), but this will require some monies/funding. It is more expensive to study in Canada as an international student so you will need to show you can afford this.
There are many other options, such as PNPs (like you mentioned). The first step would be is to visit the different provinces' websites and look at the programs they have and see which ones apply to you the best. I'd assume provinces that do not require definite job offers or work contracts are what you'd go after. These programs tend to be the more popular ones too so there's a lot of competition.
Good luck with the research! Hopefully you do find something that will be a good fit and route to take.
When you obtain employment prior to the process, you can apply in two ways - via a work permit or via a PR route. I would assume you are aware of the difference of these two so I won't elaborate too much on them. The biggest difference is that one is a temporary permit dependent on the length of your work contract and the other is a permanent one.
So let's say you go the PR route. You have some options - via direct Express Entry or via PNP (and others, but again won't elaborate too much. I think the two mentioned are the most common ways).
It seems you are already on track with the Quebec route. This is an equivalent to a Quebec PNP (although not really called that). Provincial nomination programs (PNPs) are province-specific. You are nominated by the province for a PR. You go through their screening process and once you successfully obtain the PNP certificate (in Quebec, this is called the
Going through the Quebec process would mean that it's a sort of Quebec provincial nomination program. Provincial nomination programs (PNPs) are province-specific. You are nominated by the province for a PR. Once you successfully obtain the PNP certificate (in Quebec, it is called CSQ - Québec Selection Certificate), you will then send an application to Express Entry. With this certificate, it will be faster to get chosen/invited, and PR comes after that. The tendency is that if you get a PR via PNP, it is an "understanding" that you want to settle in that province and live your life there. Moving provinces is frowned upon (but not uncommon). My 2c on this is that you should try to make it in the province that you get your PNP in. Give it time and if it is not working, and you will be successful elsewhere, then by all means, move.
On the subject of French, Montreal is very French. I wouldn't go as far as saying you won't be able to survive without French there. I have a sister in law who lives in Montreal and she doesn't speak French (some 30-odd years now). You'll learn to live with it. I think it can be hard though.
I'm not sure about the last part of your question, so I'll leave that for now. Hope I was able to help clarify a couple of things for you. 🙂 Good luck!
@T3ZA and @ReneLestan
I called following @Mynhardt 's suggestion.
It takes a few dropped calls and retries, but eventually you get to speak to someone.
It was only after I made these calls that my application moved, according to the GCMS notes, nothing was done on it since Feb. I got PPR 2 weeks after.
I am looking at moving to Canada through the PR program, but I do not have enough points (417) for the Express Entry program. I've read one of the best ways to get more points is through the Provincial Nomination programs. I have 5 years experience teaching English as a foreign language, and wonder if my work experience in this area will help me to get a Provincial Nomination. I found my NOC code: "4021 College and other vocational instructors" which lists language school instructor under its occupations, which is Skill Type A. I do not know if this I would be able to qualify for any Provincial Nomination programs and how to check this. I would like to move to Ontario, but am open to other places. I am currently finishing my final year BA majoring in English and Linguistics, and looking to move as soon as possible after graduating at the end of the year. I am also considering trying to apply for a Student Visa and do a Post-Graduate degree there as a back up option. I have excellent results academically so if there are good scholarship opportunities for funding for post-graduate courses I would consider that too. I look forward to receiving any help and advice, thanks!